Felt: materials and advice

Felt: materials and advice

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It is still often confused in people's minds with felt, based on synthetic fibers which, unlike him, resists friction and use poorly. Felt does not belong to the category of woven fabrics since it is obtained from the tangle of unspun wool fibers. It is commercially available in different thicknesses, which allows it to be used for various uses: furniture, hats, blankets, jackets, bags ... The objects presented in this book are all made using a relatively felt fine, between 1 and 2 millimeters, most frequently encountered in trade. Two main stores, the Entrance des Fournisseurs and the Drugstore - the coordinates of which are given at the end of the book - sell felt in these thicknesses. The realizations proposed here are based on the two main types of metering encountered: either coupons of 50 x 50 cm, or wide strips of 31 cm. Some colors also exist in 1 meter wide. Each store offers various colors which often have an interesting feature: in solid colors, they are mostly mottled on the back, which allows them to be used on either side. Due to its manufacturing method, felt has interesting properties compared to other textiles. First of all, it has good impermeability, even if too heavy rain is to be avoided in hats or scarves. It is then noted for its solidity, which makes it the ideal material for bags.

Regarding maintenance, most colors, unlike those of felt, are very resistant to humidity. Therefore, the felt can be machine washed at 30 ° C, taking care, of course, that all decorations support it. Finally, it is ironed at the temperature of the wool, with or without steam. The felt is very easy to work. Its great flexibility makes it possible to fold it without problem, but it can also, once doubled, have an interesting rigidity. There are two ways to cut it: with scissors for rounded shapes, or with a cutter and ruler for straight lines. Here we recommend the use of a rolling cutter which, unlike the straight cutter, prevents snags. Regarding the assembly, the felt can first of all be sewn, like any textile, with the difference that it does not require a hem. The instructions provided in this book indicate whether the use of the machine is necessary to make the object in one hour. However, most of the work can also be done by hand, machine sewing still being more solid.

The felt can also be glued with fabric glue or even heat-bonded. There are indeed iron-on films on the market which allow two thicknesses of fabric to be fixed to each other. These films are formed of a paper support on which is placed a film of adhesive to reactivate with the iron, without vapor. Finally, the felt, thanks to its thickness, lends itself particularly well to the laying of rivets, eyelets or press studs to be fixed using appropriate pliers. These pliers, like accessories, are found in most haberdashery. Now you just have to take action…

20 decorations on Felt © Flammarion editions, 2003